Lake Mburo national park is located within the Western Region of Uganda, in Kiruhura District that borders Mbarara district. The park is found suitably near the highway that connects Kampala to the parks of western Uganda and it may be accessed by road about 240km from the capital city of Uganda Kampala and 30km east of Mbarara.
The park lies at an altitude of 1,220m - 1,828m above sea level and covers a complete area of 370km². The park is roofed by ancient metamorphic rocks which are said to be in existence quite 500 million years ago and also is Uganda’s smallest savannah national park. The park is covered with much woodland however it was once covered with open savanna. 20% of the parkland is roofed by wetlands along with 13 other lakes within the area, Lake Mburo forms a part of a 50km-long wetland system linked by a swamp which always attracts crocodiles, hippos, water birds similarly the swamps harbor secretive papyrus, sitatungas, antelopes, black and yellow papyrus gan Alex, etc.
Lake Mburo national park lies within a rain shadow between Lake Victoria and also the Rwenzori Mountains interlinking it to other tourism destinations of Lake Bunyonyi and Queen Elizabeth National park.
Lake Mburo was gazetted in 1933 as a controlled hunting area and upgraded to a game reserve in 1963. The region was settled by the pastoral groups of Banyankole, Bahima who traditionally herd Ankole cattle, and still do. These groups of pastoralists continued to graze their cattle within the reserve, which was later called off by the western conservationists, who termed them "invaders" in 1981 and later were expelled from the realm after it had been upgraded to park status in 1983. The government of Uganda led by Milton Obote took into action the choice to upgrade the reserve into a park, as part, to weaken the Banyankole, which supported anti-Obote rebels. because the evicted pastoralists weren't compensated for the lost pastureland and with the process, many remained hostile to the upgrade. In 1985, the regime of Obote II fell and therefore the previous residents of Lake Mburo that is the Bahima and Ankole pastoralists re-occupied the park's land, destroying infrastructure, killing wildlife, and expelling the park staff. But half of the park's original expanse was eventually re-gazetted by the National Resistance Movement government in 1986.
HISTORY OF LAKE MBURO NATIONAL PARK
More so, the most story of how Lake Mburo came into existence is an additionally Ankole myth where two brothers called Kigarama and Mburo accustomed sleep in a giant valley and in some unspecified time in the future Kigarama had a dream and he decides to inform his brother that they'd to maneuver. Mburo just ignored his brother and Kigarama conceive to move up into the hills.
The Valley down flooded with water drowning Kigarama’s brother Mburo forming the current, lake which was named after him, and therefore the nearby hills are called Kigarama after his own brother.
There are still culturally significant locations within the parkland area, like Ruroko where the semi-mythical Bachwezi lived, Rubanga, where sacrifices were once made to the gods, and Kigarama was where the pages (servants) of the king accustomed to staying.
FLORA AND FAUNA
The park could be home to a variety of untamed animals like warthog, civets, zebra, hippopotamus, impala, Taurotragus oryx, African lion, buffalo, leopards, hyenas, genets, jackals, and serval cats, among others and over 300 bird species.
The protected area was considered a 'lion conservation unit' by the IUCN in 2005, though lions now not occurring here as they were eliminated by the indigenous people within the 1980s. The park management in 2015 drifted the thought of reintroducing lions to the park since one was spotted within the parkland. However, the lion roamed the nearby communities and eventually attacked and injured three people, causing an oversized crowd of the furious community to hound the animal with stones and sticks. The Uganda Wildlife Authority made the choice to kill the animal because the community was angry and therefore the situation had become dangerous.
The lake has also got different fish species that include; Tilapia, lungfish, mudfish which supply an ideal activity of fishing by the employment of hooks, allowing visitors to the park to spend an honest time on the banks of the lake.