Gorillas are endangered species, with an estimated total population of about 650 individuals

Bwindi Impenetrable National park is inhabited by about 459 individual mountain gorillas (2019) Gorilla Census figures (Gorilla Fund) making almost half of all the mountain gorillas in the world. The rest of the world’s mountain gorilla population lives in the nearby Virunga Mountains. The park also provides habitat for 120 species of mammals, 348 220 species of butterflies, 27 species of frogs, species of birds, geckos, chameleons, and many endangered species with more than 1,000 flowering plant species, 104 species of ferns and163 species of trees including two endangered species, of the brown mahogany and Brazzeia longipedicellata.

The park’s exceptionally high and unique biological diversity of national and international significance led UNESCO to recognize it and inscribed it as a World Heritage site on the 17th of December 1994. It is worth noting that there are 198 world heritage sites in the world out of which only three are found in Uganda namely; Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Rwenzori Mountains, and the Kasubi Tombs.

LOCATION AND SIZE:

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is located in southwestern Uganda 512kms from Kampala lying at an altitude of; 1,160m - 2,607m above sea level and covers an area of 321km2 {128 square miles}. The park is composed of 331 square kilometers (128 sq. mi) of both montane and lowland forest, lying along with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) border next to the Virunga National Park and on the edge of the Albertine Rift and is part of the highest block of Kigezi and Rukiga high lands.

The park is situated in the districts of Kanungu in Kinkizi County, Rubanda in Ikumba County, and in Kisoro in North Bufumbira County; 29km northwest of Kabale, 35km north of Kisoro, and 40 km southeast of Lake Edward, surrounded by 27 front line parishes and separated from Mgahinga Gorilla National Park 49km away.

History

About 500 years ago, Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National park was a part of the present Virunga Conservation Area.
In 1932, two blocks of the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest were labeled as Crown Forest Reserves, the southern block as "Kasatora Crown Forest Reserve" and the northern block as the "Kayonza Crown Forest Reserve", with a combined area of 207 square kilometers (80 sq mi). In 1942, they were combined forming an outsized protected area renamed as Impenetrable Central Crown Forest which covered 298 square kilometers (115 sq mi) and was under the control of the Ugandan government's game and forest departments.
In 1964, the reserve was designated as an animal sanctuary to supply extra protection for its mountain gorillas and renamed the Impenetrable Central Forest Reserve and in 1966, two other forest reserves became a part of the greatest reserve, increasing its area of occupancy to almost 321 square kilometers (124 sq mi).
In 1991, the Impenetrable Central Forest Reserve was gazetted as parkland and renamed the Bwindi Impenetrable National park, and declared a UNESCO Heritage Site 1994.

 

People around

90% of the population surrounding the park while the Bafumbira contributes 9% and only a tiny low community of the Batwa contribute about 0.5% and they don't own land but they're tenant farmers hired as crop guards and were within the past traditionally skilled as honey collectors and hunters within the forest. Other tribes just like the Bakonjo, Bateso, and also the Baganda also live around the park.

climate

Bwindi Impenetrable forest park includes a tropical climate Annual mean temperature ranging from a minimum of seven to fifteen °C (45 to 59 °F) to a maximum of 20 to 27 °C (68 to 81 °F). Its annual rainfall ranges from 1,400 to 1,900 millimeters (55 to 75 in). Peak rainfall occurs from March to April and from September to November The park's forest plays a vital role in regulating the encompassing area's environment and climate.

The forest is a very important water geographical area. With a generally rainproof underlying geology where water mostly flows through large fault structures. the forest incorporates a dense network of streams and also a source of the many rivers that flow to the north, west, and south. Major rivers that rise within the park include the Munyaga, Ihihizo, Ivi, Ishasha, and Ntengyere rivers, which flow into Lake Edward. Other rivers flow into Lakes Mutanda and Bunyonyi.

it’s important to understand that rainfall can occur at any time of the year when on a gorilla trekking safari in Bwindi. thereupon in mind, here’s what you ought to pack for your trip to Bwindi: Lightweight hiking boots (for trekking within the forest) Garden gloves (for protecting your hands after you hold onto the plants) Lightweight rain jacket Camera and lenses plus protective rain gear Hat, sunglasses, binoculars Over the counter medicine like ibuprofen, antihistamines, complaint pills, and Imodium Water bottle. Long-sleeve blouse and long pants (to avoid insects)Insect repellent

Tourism

Gorilla tracking is the main tourist attraction in the area. Tourists who wish to track gorillas must first obtain a permit for gorilla tracking. Endeavor to book your gorilla trekking permits well ahead from Uganda Wildlife Authority as well as tour companies are able to reserve gorilla tracking permits for prospective visitors to the park. habituation is present in the park for selected gorilla families to human presence, and visitor numbers are tightly controlled to stop risks to the gorillas and degradation of the habitat. Tourists may visit the park any time throughout the year, although conditions within the park are tougher during the season given the very fact that the park is located in a remote area, and also the roads are in poor condition.

Bwindi Safari Lodge 

Sanctuary Gorilla Forest Camp 

Buhoma Lodge 

Clouds Mountain Gorilla Lodge

Chameleon Hill

Mutanda Lake Resort

Gorilla Valley Lodge

Bakiga Lodge

Gorilla Safari Lodge

Mahogany Springs

Silverback Lodge

Engagi Lodge

Buhoma Community Restcamp

Gorilla Friends Camp