Murchison Falls National Park is Uganda’s largest national park and oldest conservation area which was first gazetted as a game reserve in 1926 covering approximately 3,893 square kilometers (1,503 sq mi). It lies at the northern end of the Albertine Rift Valley in north-western Uganda, spreading domestically from the shores of Lake Albert, around the Victoria Nile, to the Karuma Falls. The park is divided by the Victoria Nile, from east to west for a distance of about 115 kilometers (71 mi). The park is the location of Murchison Falls, where the waters of the Nile flow through a narrow gorge only 7 meters (23 ft) wide before plunging 43 meters (141 ft).
The park is recognized as one of the best National parks in Uganda and as well it is well visited throughout the year. Notable visitors to the park include Winston Churchill, Theodore Roosevelt, Ernest Hemingway and several British royals.
The park is about 283 kilometers (176 mi), by road, northwest of Kampala, the capital and largest city of Uganda in districts of Buliisa, Nwoya, Kiryandongo, and Masindi.
In 1862 explorers John Speke and James Grant were the first Europeans to visit the park and was exhaustively explored by Samuel and Florence Baker from 1863 to 1964 and named the area Murchison falls after Roderick Murchison a geologist then the president of the Royal Geographical Society.
Between 1907 and 1912, the inhabitants of an area of about 13,000 square kilometers (5,000 sq mi) were evacuated due to sleeping sickness spread by tse-tse flies. In 1910, the Bunyoro Game Reserve was created south of the River Nile. That area roughly corresponds to the part of the MFNP that is in the districts of Buliisa, Masindi, and Kiryandongo. In 1928, the boundaries were extended north of the river into the modern-day Nwoya District.
In 1952, the British administration established the National Parks Act of Uganda forming Murchison Falls National Park
Flora and Fauna
The park is gifted with several attractions with over 76 mammal species including four members of the “big five” that is; lions, leopards, elephants, and Buffaloes. Other species include bushbucks, waterbucks, Uganda, giraffes, kob, warthogs, Jackson’s hartebeest, and hyenas among others. Along the shores of the Albert Nile and within the waters there are lots of hippos (Paraa’) is among the most noticeable attractions within the park supporting the largest concentration of wildlife in the entire park and crocodiles among other resident creatures also several primates are spotted in the park including baboons and several monkey species.
Furthermore, the remarkable Murchison Falls not only have a great diversity of wild animals but also birds such as Red-throated Bee-eater, Grosbeak Weaver, Buff-bellied Warbler, Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird, Red-winged Grey Warbler, Spotted Morning-Thrush, Marabou Stork, Silver Bird, Beautiful Sunbird, Speckle-fronted, Golden-backed Weavers, Seedeater, shoe-billed stock among others.
Paraa Safari Lodge
Chobe Safari Lodge
Nile Safari Lodge
Pakuba Safari Lodge
Fort Murchison Lodge
Murchison River Lodge
Budongo Eco Lodge
Sambiya River Lodge
Kabalega Wilderness Lodge