Mount Kilimanjaro National park, "the shining mountain", floats in a wreath of cloud above the vast South Amboseli plains also part of the Kilimanjaro National Park ecosystem. Although it is most gorgeously distinct from Amboseli National Park in Kenya with the finest viewing and wildlife photo opportunities of the forefront, Mountain Kilimanjaro is situated in Tanzania because of the boundary that was drawn as a straight line between German and British Colonial Territories.
Although the thick vegetation is sparse on the Tanzanian and Kenya border of Kilimanjaro with just mainly palm trees and acacias, the grass is abundantly healthy due to volcanic ash. The arid savannahs stretch away above an underground water source provided by the glaciers on Mount Kilimanjaro which, at 5895 meters, is the uppermost mountain in Africa, and the tallest free-standing mountain in the entire world
In 1995, J M Grimshaw, N J Cordeiro, and C A Foley explored the Kilimanjaro and inscribed a journal called “The mammals of Kilimanjaro” that acknowledged an astounding presence of 154 mammals species. Diverse native fauna is present including warthogs, hippos, impalas, dik-diks, zebras, elephants, buffalos, and giraffes as well as elands and gazelles., Lions, cheetahs, and leopards are much in evidence as well as jackals, monkeys, hyenas, mongooses, and baboons,
The ecosystem is fragile and vulnerable to overgrazing. The Park provides an amazingly diverse habitat from pastures to bushlands of the Maasai, spot the endangered Abbott's duiker, cast of antelopes, and primates. with such a diversity of habitats. Bird species in the area, include 13 extinct species Enjoy birding trips in East Africa within the park especially during the wet season.
Montane forest gives way to alpine meadows to 4000 meters, the landscape changes to weird, towering stems of giant lobelias in a sea of soft heather. Above this scenery, there are only mosses and lichens close to the rocks, before snowfields lead to three craters of Mawenzi, Shira, and Kibo.